Atlantis - Fact, Fiction or Exaggeration?

الكاتب : جراهام بل   المشاهدات : 3,217   الردود : 1    ‏2003-07-19
      مشاركة رقم : 1    ‏2003-07-19
  1. جراهام بل

    جراهام بل مشرف سابق

    التسجيل :
    ‏2003-04-05
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    Over 11,000 years ago there existed an island nation located in the middle of the Atlantic ocean populated by a noble and powerful race. The people of this land possessed great wealth thanks to the natural resources found throughout their island. The island was a center for trade and commerce. The rulers of this land held sway over the people and land of their own island and well into Europe and Africa.

    This was the island of Atlantis.

    Atlantis was the domain of Poseidon, god of the sea. When Poseidon fell in love with a mortal woman, Cleito, he created a dwelling at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her.

    Cleito gave birth to five sets of twin boys who became the first rulers of Atlantis. The island was divided among the brothers with the eldest, Atlas, first King of Atlantis, being given control over the central hill and surrounding areas.

    At the top of the central hill, a temple was built to honor Poseidon which housed a giant gold statue of Poseidon riding a chariot pulled by winged horses. It was here that the rulers of Atlantis would come to discuss laws, pass judgments, and pay tribute to Poseidon..

    To facilitate travel and trade, a water canal was cut through of the rings of land and water running south for 5.5 miles (~9 km) to the sea.

    The city of Atlantis sat just outside the outer ring of water and spread across the plain covering a circle of 11 miles (1.7 km). This was a densely populated area where the majority of the population lived.

    Beyond the city lay a fertile plain 330 miles (530 km) long and 110 miles (190 km) wide surrounded by another canal used to collect water from the rivers and streams of the mountains. The climate was such that two harvests were possible each year. One in the winter fed by the rains and one in the summer fed by irrigation from the canal.

    Surrounding the plain to the north were mountains which soared to the skies. Villages, lakes, rivers, and meadows dotted the mountains.

    Besides the harvests, the island provided all kinds of herbs, fruits, and nuts. An abundance of animals, including elephants, roamed the island.

    For generations the Atlanteans lived simple, virtuous lives. But slowly they began to change. Greed and power began to corrupt them. When Zeus saw the immorality of the Atlanteans he gathered the other gods to determine a suitable punishment.

    Soon, in one violent surge it was gone. The island of Atlantis, its people, and its memory were swallowed by the sea.
     
  2.   مشاركة رقم : 2    ‏2003-07-19
  3. جراهام بل

    جراهام بل مشرف سابق

    التسجيل :
    ‏2003-04-05
    المشاركات:
    12,156
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    The prevailing theories about Atlantis are:

    It's Fiction
    It's an exaggeration based on the fall of the Minoan civilization and the destruction of the island Thera
    It was Real
    Below you'll find a brief summary of each of the theories as well as key points either for or against the theory. Although many people in each camp consider the case closed there is no definitive proof for any theory. In the case of the "It's Fiction" theory it is essentially impossible to definitively prove that it was fiction.



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    Fiction
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    This is the easiest answer - Atlantis is fiction. It was made up to suit the purposes of Plato's dialogues.

    For
    Nothing to prove. Timaeus and Critias are simply stories.
    Against
    It is stated several times within the dialogues that the story is true
    Parts about the impassable sea and the true continent on the other side of Atlantis tend to indicate a more detailed knowledge that a fictional story


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    Thera & The Minoan Civilization
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    There are some compelling similarites between the destruction of Thera and the destruction of Atlantis.....

    For
    The island of Thera, a volcanic island, was destroyed around 1500 BC by an explosion which caused more than half of the island to sink into the sea.
    Artifacts found on the island indicate a sophisticated culture, probably part of the Minoan Civilization.
    There is evidence pointing to trade between the Minoans and Egyptians. The Egyptians would certainly have been aware of the destruction or at least the tremedous damage done to one of their trading partners.
    We'll examine this possibility in more detail in upcoming issues of Enigma.
    Against
    Proponents of this theory claim that Plato's date of 9000 years ago should really have been 900 years ago: somewhere along the line either Solon or Plato made a mistake. If the story was 900 years ago it would place Atlantis in the time frame of the Minoan civilization on Crete and Thera. Conveniently overlooked in this thinking is that in Timaeus the priest tells Solon that ancient Athens and Atlantis preceeded Egypt by a thousand years. Egypt however existed and was known to have existed since long before 1500 BC, the time of Crete and Thera. The times just don't add up unless you assume the Egyptian priest was ignorant of his own recorded history.


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    It Existed
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    For
    Plato says it's a true story.
    We'll examine this possibility in more detail in upcoming issues of Enigma.
    Against
    There are no other records of such a civlization existing.
    Current archaeological evidence does not support the premise that such sophisticated civilizations existed around 9000 BC anywhere in the world.
     

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