What is Reading ?

الكاتب : الرماد   المشاهدات : 446   الردود : 7    ‏2007-07-21
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  1. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم ​
    WHAT IS READING ?
    The following are a few definition/descrptions regarding the process of reading.

    Reading is a Psycho-linguistic guessing game (Webster, 1982:19)

    Reading Comprehension is understanding a written text. Understanding a written text means extracting the required information from it as efficiently as possible. Francoise Grellet 1991:3

    From the above definitions/de......ions we can conclude that when we read any piece of information/matter we understand the given text at three levels -

    Pure, literal response to the familiar words on the page -- there is no depth of understanding .

    You recognize the writer's meaning and
    Your own personal experience helps you to understand the matter.

    All these three levels could be descibed thus: When you read: you read the lines, read between the lines and also read beyond the lines. So reading is nothing but a decoding process.

    ENCODER/WRITER MESSAGE DECODER/READER

    PURPOSES OF READING (WHY DO WE READ)?

    We read many things in our day-to-day lives. Let us name a few ot them :

    a- Newspapers and magazines
    b- Advertisements, leaflets, pamphelts
    c- Textbooks, novels, short-stories
    d- Letters, telegrams
    e- Recipies, puzzles, menus
    f- Articles, reports, legal ........s
    g- Dictionaries, telephone directories
    h- Cartoons, comic strips
    i- Time-tables, maps, statistical graphs and diagrams etc

    When we read each of these things we do have a purpose for which we read them. They are read either for PLEASURE or for INFORMATION . We might get information even when we read something purely for pleasure. Why we distinguish between these purposes of reading is that the way we read always is influenced by the purpose of our reading . This leads us to the various types of reading .

    READING AS A SKILL
    Most of us think of reading as a passive process where we sit down relax and run our eyes through the words on the page and try to understand the information. But today, we have realised that reading is an active process. A reader can understand a text only when he/she actively uses his/her mental faculties.

    Hence to read efficiently one has to have

    a- The knowledge of the writing system of the language
    b- The knowledge of the language grammar, vocabulary
    c- The ability to interpret
    d- A reason for reading and the appropriate method of reading and
    e- The knowledge of the world experience/background knowledge

    When all these requirements are used efficiently while reading, understanding would be effective and meaningful . ​

    To be continued <<<<<
     
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  3. Rita Alshoaibi

    Rita Alshoaibi مشرف سابق

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    first i want to give u a nice and warm
    WELCOME

    between ur sisters and brothers


    and thx for ur topic

    [​IMG]

    but i will read it later and come back
     
  4.   مشاركة رقم : 3    ‏2007-07-21
  5. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    Thank you my sister .. This is the first post in english section posted under my name ... and i'm glad to see your reply and your welcome

    Thank you alot
     
  6.   مشاركة رقم : 4    ‏2007-07-21
  7. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    TYPES OF READING >>

    TYPES OF READING

    As we have already said we read in different ways depending on the purpose for which we are reading a text. Let us look at a few types of reading. For your purpose you can also refer to your ways of reading and compare them with the following .

    SKIMMING
    What is skimming ?

    Sara is a voracious reader. She reads any book that she finds within her reach. She goes to a book exhibition . She wants to buy a few books. She doesn't have time to read the pages before deciding on buying the book. Hence she quickly goes through the .......s, title page and the blurb and then decides whether to buy the book or not. The type of reading that Sara does in the bookstall is skimming. Now can we describe what skimming skill is in reading ?

    We can define/describe skimming as (( looking quickly over a text/book to get general superficial idea of the ........))


    SCANNING
    As you read a text, editorial or an article you suddenly come across a word that is not familiar to you. Naturally you would like to know the meaning of the word for your own benefit. So you get the dictionary and carefully find the word. You see the spelling pronunciation, meaning and also the various uses of the same word (if any). This type of careful reading to find out the specific, clear details is known as Scanning. Here, you just don't run your eyes across the page but look into the information for specific details.


    EXTENSIVE READING

    Does reading give us pleasure ?
    As we have already mentioned our way of reading is influenced by the purpose of our reading. Most of us have the habit of reading especially when we are free or have a lot of leisure time. We might get hold of a novel, a comic strip, a magazine etc. When we read for the pure pleasure of reading we call it extensive reading. But we should not give it a lesser priority because it is extensive reading. It is enjoyable as well as infomative. Here we practise rapid reading to get the global/overall understanding of the matter.


    INTENSIVE READING
    When we read shorter texts like a research paper for getting specific details/information we read slowly with a lot of concertration . This is intensive reading. When you read a book as a resource material for research you read it intensively because the overall understanding is not the objective/purpose of our reading. When you read an article in order to write a review on it , you read it intensively. We use all the skills of reading when we do intensive reading.

    LOUD AND SILENT READING
    Most of our day-to-day reading is done silently. When we read an article or an advertisement, we are engaged in the process of deriving meaning from the passage.
    Actually when we read aloud our concertration is divided between reading and speaking . This makes reading difficult and may cause peoblems in understanding the matter. But there are situations when we have to read things aloud, like the notices and circulars, when others don't have access to it . You need to read the instructions aloud to students or employees so that there is no confusion later. Besides these extra-ordinary situations, most of the time the atural way of reading is silent reading which is ideal and helps comprehension.


    Thank you .. and hope you will get the benefit from this topic ...

    Your brother :: الرماد
     
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  9. Rita Alshoaibi

    Rita Alshoaibi مشرف سابق

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    All these three levels could be descibed thus: When you read: you read the lines, read between the lines and also read beyond the lines


    u are right - its all of that
    thanks for sharing
    and
    keep up ur work



    [​IMG]
     
  10.   مشاركة رقم : 6    ‏2007-07-22
  11. keep it real

    keep it real قلم ذهبي

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    welcome to the english section
    you are very welcome
    and thanks for the useful information
    we hope you will have fun here
    see ya
     
  12.   مشاركة رقم : 7    ‏2007-07-23
  13. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    Thank you so much brother ,, for your welcome and for your look
     
  14.   مشاركة رقم : 8    ‏2007-07-23
  15. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    Thank you so much brother ,, for your welcome and for your look
     

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