What is Reading ?

الكاتب : الرماد   المشاهدات : 1,124   الردود : 12    ‏2007-07-21
      مشاركة رقم : 1    ‏2007-07-21
  1. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم ​

    WHAT IS READING ?
    The following are a few definition/descrptions regarding the process of reading.

    Reading is a Psycho-linguistic guessing game (Webster, 1982:19)

    Reading Comprehension is understanding a written text. Understanding a written text means extracting the required information from it as efficiently as possible. Francoise Grellet 1991:3

    From the above definitions/de......ions we can conclude that when we read any piece of information/matter we understand the given text at three levels -

    Pure, literal response to the familiar words on the page -- there is no depth of understanding .

    You recognize the writer's meaning and
    Your own personal experience helps you to understand the matter.

    All these three levels could be descibed thus: When you read: you read the lines, read between the lines and also read beyond the lines. So reading is nothing but a decoding process.

    ENCODER/WRITER MESSAGE DECODER/READER

    PURPOSES OF READING (WHY DO WE READ)?

    We read many things in our day-to-day lives. Let us name a few ot them :

    - Newspapers and magazines
    - Advertisements, leaflets, pamphelts
    - Textbooks, novels, short-stories
    - Letters, telegrams
    - Recipies, puzzles, menus
    - Articles, reports, legal ........s
    - Dictionaries, telephone directories
    - Cartoons, comic strips
    - Time-tables, maps, statistical graphs and diagrams etc.

    When we read each of these things we do have a purpose for which we read them. They are read either for PLEASURE or for INFORMATION . We might get information even when we read something purely for pleasure. Why we distinguish between these purposes of reading is that the way we read always is influenced by the purpose of our reading . This leads us to the various types of reading .

    READING AS A SKILL
    Most of us think of reading as a passive process where we sit down relax and run our eyes through the words on the page and try to understand the information. But today, we have realised that reading is an active process. A reader can understand a text only when he/she actively uses his/her mental faculties.

    Hence to read efficiently one has to have

    - The knowledge of the writing system of the language
    - The knowledge of the language (grammar, vocabulary)
    - The ability to interpret
    - A reason for reading and the appropriate method of reading and
    - The knowledge of the world (experience/background knowledge)

    When all these requirements are used efficiently while reading, understanding would be effective and meaningful .

    to be continued >>>>>​
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  2.   مشاركة رقم : 2    ‏2007-08-06
  3. a_k_m

    a_k_m عضو

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    thank you very much for such information. I'm a reading addict , and I like reading geeky stuff.
     
  4.   مشاركة رقم : 3    ‏2007-08-07
  5. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    YOU MOST WELCOME BRO .. THAT IS NICE ADDICTION ,

    HERE IS MORE >>

    BRAILLE (Writing System for the blind)

    Valentin Hauy (1745-1822) was a French professor of calligraphy. One cold day he was going through a street in Paris when he saw a blind beggar. Hauy was a very kind-hearted person. He at once put his hand into his pocket and took out a coin. He put this coin on the blind beggar's plam. But as he turned to go, the beggar called out, "Sir,Sir! You have surely made a mistake; you have given me a france instead of a Sou".
    "But how did you know i had given you a france"? Asked Hauy in surprise.
    "Oh!" replied the beggar, " It is quite simple. If I pass my finger over a coin, I can at once tell what it is ."
    Hauy allowed the beggar to keep the france although it was a great deal of money in those days. But as he walked back home, he thought to himself. " If a blind man can tell a coin by the mere touch of his finger, why should he not be able to tell the different marks or letters of an alphabet?"

    This thought inspired Hauy to develop a system of reading for the blind. He printed normal letters in relief that could be felt by a touch of the finger. He also started a school for blind children and prepared special books with embossed letters for them. Hauy's experiment was a great success and he became known as the 'father and apostle of the blind'. Hauy's system of reading for the blind was very useful, but it was quite difficult to learn. Moreover, it was only a reading system; there was no way for the blind to write in this system.

    In 1819, a ten-year old blind boy, Louis Braille, entered Hauy's school. He was an intelligent student and quickly learnt to read with the help of embossed letters. However, he realised the disadvantages in Hauy's system and made up his mind to develop an easier method of reading and writing for the blind.

    And in 1824, when he was only 15, Braille invented a system of writing, which has been accepted all over the world. He was yet a student in Hauy's school. This school is now known as the National Institute for Blind Children. It is supported by the French government. From (1826), Braille worked as a teacher in this school.

    The system invented by Braille has been named after him. It is also known as the six-dot cell system. Each letter is formed with the help of one or more raised dots in a cell. Different positions of the raised dots in a cell represent different letters.

    Unluckily Louis Braille did not live long to enjoy the great success of his system. He died of tuberculosis in 1852.

    Now let's have a look at the Barille alphabet in their separate cells.
    [​IMG]

    Writing Braille is not very difficult. A special type of needle is used to form the raised dots. A person using Braille writes from right to left. When the sheet is turned over, the raised dots face upward and are read from left to right. Braille has proved a great blessing for the blind. They can get the benefits of education like any other normal person. Many good books have been written in Braille. Blind people can read and enjoy them. There have been examples of blind persons who learnt Braille and then wrote great books themselves. Miss Helen Keller was one of them.



    I hope you enjoyed it ...​
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  7. الجوكر

    الجوكر مشرف الكمبيوتر والجوال مشرف سابق

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    مشكووووووووووو thanks


    الجوكر
     
  8.   مشاركة رقم : 5    ‏2007-08-08
  9. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    على الرحب والسعه You most welcome
     
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  11. wwf

    wwf عضو نشيط

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    thank you so much
     
  12.   مشاركة رقم : 7    ‏2007-08-08
  13. خفا الاحزان

    خفا الاحزان عضو

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    Salam
    Will i agree with you
    Reading is not about that a person read is about knowing what you are reading
    Thanx a lot for sharing with us
     
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  15. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    Most welcome ... and thank you for your reply
     
  16.   مشاركة رقم : 9    ‏2007-08-08
  17. الرماد

    الرماد عضو نشيط

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    w3leekum alsalam

    Yes that is right ... the purpose of reading is to get knowldege about what we read ... and as a dr. said to me .. everything in this life is TEXT.

    With my pleasure sister .
     
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  19. keep it real

    keep it real قلم ذهبي

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    thanks for the info
    keep up the good work
    :eek:
     

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