*****"Islamic Terms"***********

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    Islamic Terms

    Allah The Supreme Being. The name of God.

    Hadith The sacred sayings of Muhammad, handed down by oral tradition and finally written down.

    Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca. One of the five pillars of the Islamic faith.

    Hegira Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D.

    Islam "submission to the will of Allah"

    Koran (Qur'an) The inspired word of God given to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel.

    Mecca The birthplace of Muhammad, and the holy city of Islam.

    Medina Holy city named for Muhammad after he fled there in 622 A.D.

    Muhammad Prophet and founder of Islam. Born around 570 A.D., died 632 A.D.

    Moslem (Muslim) Follower of Muhammad. "one who submits"

    Mosque Islamic place of worship.

    Muezzlin Moslem crier who announces the hour of prayer.

    Ramadan The ninth month of the Moslem year, when Muhammad received the Qur'an from heaven, now a month of fasting.

    Salat Moslem daily prayer ritual. One of the five pillars of Islam.

    Shi'ites Moslem sect which insists that Muhammad's son-in-law 'Ali was Muhammad's rightful successor.

    Sufis Iranian philosophical mystics who have interpreted Islam for themselves.

    Sunnites Largest Moslem sect which acknowledges all of Muhammad's successors.

    Surahs What the chapters of the Qur'an are called.


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