أريد خاتمة لتقريري ...... أرجوووو المساعدة والسرعة

الكاتب : رحاله   المشاهدات : 1,843   الردود : 11    ‏2005-05-08
      مشاركة رقم : 1    ‏2005-05-08
  1. رحاله

    رحاله قلم ذهبي

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    السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

    تحيه طيبة وبعد

    أنا عندي مشروووع بحث ..... عن oil spills وقد طلبت في البداية مقدمة لهذا البحث أو بالأصح تقرير مبسط

    والحمدالله لقيت العون من بعض الأخوااان وجزاهم الله خير ..... أنا بديت التقرير .... بمساعدة منهم

    وكملته لوحدي بمساعدة دكتوري ..... بس ألحين أريد المساعدة في الخاتمة بما أن تسليم

    التقرير يوم الثلاثاء ....... فأتمنى المساعدة

    تقريري ..... هو ..... مش كامل طبعاااا ..... يعني هذا بس body ..... من غير المقدمة ومن غير الخاتمة

    [align=left]Effects on the environment

    Oil spills effect the environment. Oil spills kill animals, plants and other life. For example, it will kill fish and plants in oceans because oil spills cover large areas in surface water and it will be make thin layers that is called " oil slick " to prevent oxygen gases and light inside water. So, fish can't respire and plants can't complete the photo synthesis.


    Occur oil spills

    Oil spills in river, bays and the ocean are caused by accident involving tankers, barges and oil ships. This usually happens while the oil is transported. It will occur when people make mistakes or are careless.


    Example

    Exxon valdez is the name of oil ship that had an accident that happened in Prince William Sound, Alaska. It was happened sixteen years ago in 1989.This accident made water pollution because it spilled about 11 million gallons of oil (Columbia encyclopedia, 2005 ). It was made a large problem for the economy and natural world. It was kill million of fishes, dolphins and other life. Many people go for holidays on coral reef. So, oil spills effect in coral reef and it will decreasing economic for this counters.


    Clean up

    عادني ما طبعته .... بس يتكلم عن طرق تنظيف بقعة الزيت



    الخاتمة لها شرووووط ...... وضعها لنا الدكتور .... وهي ....

    [align=left]main function
    restate

    verb tense / form
    present perfect or simple past tense

    linking words
    in conclusion

    main function
    state

    verb tense / form
    simple present tense

    linking words
    in addition , also

    main function
    suggest

    verb tense / form
    modal + verd, e.g ........ should do , must do , need do

    linking words
    so , as a result , consequently


    هذي هي شروووط الخاتمة ................ طعااا أنا حطيتها للي بيساعدني ..... وجزاه الله ألف خير

    وختامها مسك

    أختكم رحاله
     
  2.   مشاركة رقم : 2    ‏2005-05-08
  3. بروكسي

    بروكسي مشرف سابق

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    طيب وايش علاقتنا نحنا اصحاب التعارف والتسلية اللي لا لنا ولا علينا بالانجليزي؟

    قمتي تجرجريني إلى هنا ليييييييييييييييييييييييييييه؟
     
  4.   مشاركة رقم : 3    ‏2005-05-08
  5. T_K

    T_K قلم فضي

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    اهلاً اختي رحالة

    انا ان شاء الله اساعدك بس الاول اشتي منك
    تكتبي لي كل المعلومات الي قد معك علي
    الموضوع بما فيه المقدمة لان الخاتمة تشمل
    كما قال لك البرفسور اعادة صياغة للمقدمة
    و ايضاً انا لاحضت بعض الاحطاء في الازمان كما
    قال لك البروفسور و ان شاء الله اصلحها لك و كمان
    اضيف لك كلمات الوصل اللي تكلم عنها البروفسور

    اذاً اشتيش تكتبي لي كل المعلومات الي معك و انا
    بااضيف الخاتمة و اعمل مراجعة للموضوع كامل

    تحياتي

    Tk
     
  6.   مشاركة رقم : 4    ‏2005-05-08
  7. رحاله

    رحاله قلم ذهبي

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    أوكيه ............... بحط كل المعلومات ...... بعد ساعتين إن شاء الله ......

    تسلم أخووووي
     
  8.   مشاركة رقم : 5    ‏2005-05-08
  9. جراهام بل

    جراهام بل مشرف سابق

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    ra7alah
    the prince TK and i are going to help u for sure
    so provide us with the details of the introduction and the conclusion
    you are more than welcome
    regards
     
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  11. aljree7

    aljree7 قلم ذهبي

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    اذا تبي تنظفي بقعة الزيت اولا هاتي كريك مجرفة واغرفي البقعة المراد ازالتها وارميها في الزبالة


    وهذي اسهل الطرق

    خخخخخخخخخخ

    تشااااااو
     
  12.   مشاركة رقم : 7    ‏2005-05-09
  13. رحاله

    رحاله قلم ذهبي

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    أنا فعلالالا أسفه ..... أنا والله في نفس اليوم طبعت ..... وحطيت الموضوع كامل .....س مدري وين حطيته

    والله إني أنصدمت ..... إنالبتقرير مش موجووووود

    أرجوااااااااااااااااا المساعدة ..... لأن تسليمة بكرة الساعة 12 الظهر .......... أنا مخلصة كل شيء بس باقيلي

    الخاتمة والتوثيق

    وهذا هو التقرير كامل


    المقدمة

    [align=left]My research will talk about Oil Spil and its dangers and effects on the oceans.
    Also, it will go over the reasons of Oil Spil. Finally, my research will provide
    ways of cleaning Oil Spil.

    The term "black gold" has referred to Oil for a very long time. Nowadays, Oil is needed
    in a lot of aspects of our everyday lives. Oil is needed to lubricate engines, heat homes
    and businesses, and fuel vehicles. Millions of vehicles around the world would stop running
    without oil. Furthermore, oil is found in numerious other products such as plastic, detergent,
    clothing, etc. The fact is that oil is becoming more precious every day because of its limitation
    in quantity and the locations where it is found.

    Oil is drilled from the earth's crust, and then gets transported or used. After being used,
    oil gets spilled. An oil spill is often a double disaster. First, a valuable resource is wasted.
    Second, natural habitats like beaches for example get fouled by the dark and sometimes deadly liquid.

    "Oil spills can kill. The 1989 Exxon Valdez spill of 258,000 barrels of oil killed an estimated 100,000 birds and several thousand sea otters in Alaska 's prince William sound. And yet this spill ranked just twenty – ninth among the word 's biggest oil spill. As more and more oil is shipped around the world , the threat of major oil spills grows."

    Effects on the environment

    Oil spills effect the environment. Oil spills kill animals, plants and other life. For example, it will kill fish and plants in oceans because oil spills cover large areas in surface water and it will be make thin layers that is called " oil slick " to prevent oxygen gases and light inside water. So, fish can't respire and plants can't complete the photo synthesis.


    Occur oil spills

    Oil spills in river, bays and the ocean are caused by accident involving tankers, barges and oil ships. This usually happens while the oil is transported. It will occur when people make mistakes or are careless.


    Example

    Exxon valdez is the name of oil ship that had an accident that happened in Prince William Sound, Alaska. It was happened sixteen years ago in 1989.This accident made water pollution because it spilled about 11 million gallons of oil (Columbia encyclopedia, 2005 ). It was made a large problem for the economy and natural world. It was kill million of fishes, dolphins and other life. Many people go for holidays on coral reef. So, oil spills effect in coral reef and it will decreasing economic for this counters.


    Clean up

    يتكلم عن طرق تنظيف البقعة مثل الشفط .... أو وضع قطعة إسفنج كبيرة ..... أو عن طريق بكتيريا تتغذى على النفط ..... وبإمكانهم التحكم بها



    أتمنى المساعدة في أقرب وقت ...... لأن تسليمة بكرة الساعة 12 الظهر



    وجزاكم الله خيرااا
     
  14.   مشاركة رقم : 8    ‏2005-05-10
  15. T_K

    T_K قلم فضي

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    Hi Ra7alah

    Sorry for the delay
    I hope you see it before
    you have to give it in. I checked
    all the points your professor pointed
    out, and added the conclusion
    Here is what I did
    I hope it's good enough. Let
    me know if you need anything more.

    ur bro

    TK



    OIL SPIL


    Our environments are full of pollution problems. This research will take upon an aspect of oil pollution that has become one of the most crucial environmental threats. Oil Spil has been the focus of a lot of organizations due to the environmental effects it has caused. It is surely a pollution emergency; one that needs actions to be taken against. This paper talks about Oil Spil and its dangers and effects on the oceans and the environments in which we live. Reasons of Oil Spil and ways to clean it will be covered, as well.

    The term "black gold" has referred to Oil for a very long time. Nowadays, Oil is needed in a lot of aspects of our everyday lives. Oil is needed to lubricate engines, heat homes and businesses, and fuel vehicles. Millions of vehicles around the world would stop running without oil. Furthermore, oil is found in numerous other products such as plastic, detergent, clothing, etc. In fact, oil is becoming more and more precious to us humans every day because of its limitations in quantity and the locations where it can be found.

    Process of Oil Spill
    Oil is drilled from the earth's crust, and is then transported to be used. A lot of times, in the process of transporting oil, tankers, barges and oil ships make careless mistakes and accidents happen. As a result, oil gets spilled into rivers, bays and the oceans. After the oil is used, it is spilled out in a way of disposing it. When a spill or dump occurs, the oil is immediately spread along the surface of the ocean rapidly. Within 24 hours, the spill becomes “weathered,” or exposed to the elements of nature, causing about ½ of the oil to evaporate and oxidize into the atmosphere. The “weathered” oil is then emulsified and condensed into a material called mousse, which then sinks below the surface of the water. The mousse then collects into larger globs of oil under the surface and floats in the photic zone, blocking sunlight (their means of photosynthesis) to the organisms that live there and causing them to perish. The mousse then floats with ocean currents until it reaches a coastal area, where the globs of mousse break apart and spread over the coastal area, severely damaging the natural environment.


    Effects on the environment
    An oil spill is often a double disaster: a valuable resource is wasted, and natural habitats like beaches, for example, get fouled by the dark and sometimes deadly liquid. When oil enters the sea, many physical, chemical and biological processes take place. When oil spill covers large areas of the surface of the water, it is turned into thin layers of what is called "oil slick." Oil is lighter than water, so it floats on the surface as a slick. The slick then spreads over the surface of the water due to the force of gravity. This process prevents oxygen gases and light from reaching the water surface. This way, neither fish can respire nor can plants complete their photo synthesis process. Oil spills can result in the widespread death of wildlife and fish. It can kill living creatures by means of physical contact, ingestion, and destruction of food resources. Furthermore, the effects of spilled oil can spread through food chains to disturb species that depend on each other for sustenance.


    Examples
    Exxon Valdez is the name of an oil ship that had an accident in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in 1989. This accident caused about 11 million gallons of oil to be spilled into the water (Columbia encyclopedia, 2005). It was a major problem for the economy and natural world. It killed millions of living sea creatures. Another incident involved the oil tanker known as the Sea Empress in February, 1996, which resulted in the discharge of approximately 72,000 tons of oil into the seas around the coast of South-West Wales. Various organizations and many individuals monitored the environmental effects of this pollution emergency. The region is renowned for the beauty and diversity of its coastline. Many important shores suffered severe crude oil pollution. Certain kinds of wildlife were hard-hit. Natural dispersal and a massive clean-up operation cleared bulk oil from most shores within weeks of the grounding. However, lingering residues were evident on many shores, in ever-diminishing quantities. Many people spend their holidays at coral reef areas. Thus, oil spills’ effects in coral reef areas decrease economic benefits in these areas, which is also another effect of oil spill.




    Clean up
    Used in the process of clean up are mechanical containments including booms, barriers, and skimmers. Physical methods used in cleaning up shore lines are evaporation, oxidation, biodegradation, wiping with sorbent materials, pressure washing, racking and bulldozing. When conducting the cleaning process for birds affected by oil spill, oil is flushed from their eyes and intestines, stomach-coating medications are administered, and absorbent clothes are used to wipe off. Birds must then preen and realign their feathers to restore them to their original structure.

    Conclusion
    After all, it seems impossible for oil spill to stop happening, because oil is one of the most valuable resources in the world. Consequently, oil spill will keep affecting the oceans, bays, and the environment as a whole that surrounds us. Therefore, we should at least try to limit the damages oil spill imposes on our environments and on the species that live in these environments. In addition, we should limit the locations where oil should be dumped. Oil spill is dumped into oceans in a way of disposing it; however, by doing so, sea living creatures are affected greatly by it. The negative effects of on oil spill may eventually fade away. Nevertheless, in many cases, it can take several years, even decades, before an area or ecosystem is fully recovered from an oil spill. Last but not least, in order to preserve the beauty of the nature, we must come up with alternative ways for disposing oil, and ways for recovering from oil spill.
     
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  17. T_K

    T_K قلم فضي

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    Also, here's the file
    if you want to download
    it to word right away

    TK
     
  18.   مشاركة رقم : 10    ‏2005-05-11
  19. جراهام بل

    جراهام بل مشرف سابق

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    wonderful TK
    and ra7ala's assignment is overdue
    however TK is the one
    thanks brother
     

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